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The wolf is the ancestor of all modern-day dogs. It mainly lives off moose and other large prey.


The wolf (Canis lupus) is a large canid. Hunting often in packs, wolves can kill large mammals such as elk and reindeer. But they are frightened of humans. A pack of wolves normally consists of a male and female and their young of several seasons—usually from 5–15 animals. The pack is a family in which the animals all have their ranks. Their habit of howling helps to strengthen the ties between the members of the flock and discourages other wolves from entering their territory.

The cubs are born in a den in the spring. For the first two months they are suckled and the female stays close to the den while the male hunts. After about three
months the family leaves the den. Before the cubs are old enough to join the hunt they are left at a place where the flock will meet later. After a successful hunt the adult wolves regurgitate semi-digested food that they present to the cubs. The entire pack helps feed the young.

Wolves became a protected species in Sweden in 1965. Today there are wolves in the large forests of Värmland and Dalarna and further north in the country.

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